Ever wondered why you seem to live with pain all the time? Do you miss the days of your childhood when running, jumping, climbing and everything else was just normal? And yet, it can’t be about age since you have a couple of friends who seem to be able to knock off a game of football in afternoon despite being well into middle age.
Well, perhaps you should try a ‘functional movement screening’ at a reputed physiotherapist. Dr Srini of Spectrum Physio elaborates.
Functional Movement Systems are an important part of the solution to a common problem – chronic pain.Pain syndromes are the end result of living with poor movement patterns (each of which is often painless) for an extended period of time. Sitting, standing, walking and a number of daily activities done incorrectly can all build up pressure on your body. Movement dysfunctions place an excessive amount of pressure on joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles and fascia causing them to break down, degenerate and become inflamed.
If the movement dysfunction is not identified and corrected, then the over-used body tissues become chronically painful and degenerative. This can often lead to further movement dysfunction as the body compensates to avoid using the inflammed tissue. Which is when you will find that the pain seems to migrate to a different location.

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Functional Movement Screening

Functional Movement Screening (FMS)

The Functional Movement Screening or Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a type of grading system that assesses essential movement patterns that are key to normal movement. By screening these patterns, the FMS readily identifies functional limitations and asymmetries that cause imbalances, decreased coordination and an increase in injury. These limitations can inhibit the positive effects of training and physical conditioning.
FMS examines fundamental movement control within basic movement patterns to assess whether those baseline areas are competent and stable or whether there is a deficiency which needs to be corrected.
The tests place the individual in extreme positions where weaknesses and imbalances become noticeable if appropriate stability and mobility are not maintained. Interestingly, many individuals who perform at very high levels during physical activities are unable to perform these simple movements. In essence, this means that the bodies of these people are using compensatory movement patterns during their activities, sacrificing efficient movements for inefficient ones in order to perform at high levels. Over time, the poor movement patterns of these people will become (or have become) habit, which results in poor biomechanics. This in turn leads to serious injury and long recovery processes. If you’re a cricket watcher, you now understand why so many of our bowlers seems to injure themselves and take a long time over recovery.
There are seven different movements that the FMS analyzes, each movement is scored on an ordinal scale from 0 to 3. They are the deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active SLR, trunk stability push up and test for rotational stability.