Scoliosis is a curvature of the back which develops due to various causes – abnormally developed back bone at birth (called congenital) or during the rapid growth during the early childhood (known as juvenile or adolescent scoliosis). This is a case study of a patient diagnosed with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) which was treated surgically at Sita Bhateja Speciality Hospital.
Seema, aged about 12 years, presented with progressive deformity of the back.
She underwent correction and fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation in December of 2013. This involves a surgery called correction (straightening of the curve) and fusion, which requires the curve to be straightened with the help of screws and rods in the spinal column using a bone graft to achieve fusion. Surgery can prevent early wear and tear of the back (spondylosis) and also improves function of the back. These surgeries are highly complex and require a good teamwork under a well trained spinal deformity surgeon.
There were no complications and the surgery was successful. Initially, she was on a brace, which was later discontinued. Today Seema lives an independent life and is continuing her education.