INTRODUCTION

Scoliosis is a curvature of the back which develops due to various causes – abnormally developed back bone at birth (called congenital) or during the rapid growth during the early childhood (known as juvenile or adolescent scoliosis). This is a case study of a patient diagnosed with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) who was treated surgically at Sita Bhateja Speciality Hospital

HISTORY

Patient S, aged about 12 years, presented with progressive deformity of the back.

Pre Operative images

A Pre Operative imageAnother Pre Operative image

(Click to view larger image)

CASE PRESENTATION

She underwent correction and fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation in December of 2013. This involves a surgery called correction (straightening of the curve with the help of screws and rods in the spinal column) and fusion, using bone graft. A timely surgery prevents further worsening of the condition, reduces early wear and tear of the back (spondylosis) and also improves function of the back. These surgeries are highly complex and require a good teamwork under a well trained spinal deformity surgeon.

OUTCOME

There were no complications and the surgery was successful. Initially, she was on a brace, which was later discontinued. Today Ms S lives an independent life and is continuing her education.

Post Operative images

A Post Operative imageAnother Post Operative image

(Click to view larger image)

Scoliosis can be typically classified as Congenital (about 15%), Idiopathic (about 65%) and secondary to some primary conditions (about 10%). There are no proven causes of scoliosis. Diagnosis includes primarily an examination to determine whether the deformity has an underlying cause. Treatment options vary depending upon the type of spinal deformity. Get more details about the different types of scoliosis and their treatment from the team of ‘spinal deformity experts’ at Sita Bhateja Speciality Hospital, Bangalore – https://www.sbshospital.com/get-in-touch/