Spine infections are rare and can either arise spontaneously or as a secondary incidence to some trauma to the spine or after an invasive procedure. If not treated properly and promptly, such infections can be very destructive and even lead to death. Infections of the spine can affect different parts of the spine, including the spinal bones or vertebrae, the inter-vertebral disc spaces, the spinal canal or the soft tissues surrounding the spine.
Although spinal infections can be dramatic, frightening and very serious, they are treatable when identified on time. Infections can be caused by a variety of organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Some types of spinal infections include:
- Discitis – It can occur on its own or secondary to invasive procedures. Symptoms include pain with movements of the spine that can radiate to other parts of the body.
- Vertebral osteomyelitis – Such infections usually arise in the lumbar bones of the spine and can cause pain in the limbs leading to difficulties in their usage, muscle spasms, weight loss, fever, etc.
- Meningitis – This is an infection of the tissues surrounding the brain and spine. The infection spreads rapidly and can turn lethal.
- Spinal cord abscess – This is a rare internal infection of the spine and can induce fever and back pain.
- Spinal epidural abscess – Usually affecting the lumbar vertebrae, these infections lead to tenderness of the spine, weakness, limb pain and bladder and bowel problems.
- Spinal subdural empyema – This rare form of infection normally results from an infection in another part of the body. It can lead to fever, chills and limb pain.
Symptoms – The location and type of infection influences the symptoms experienced. Infections from the cervical bones can cause stiffness and pain in the neck with lowered range of motion. Infections in the spinal canal produce severe back pain, fever and tenderness. Infections of the soft tissues surrounding the spine trigger abdominal pain, flank pain or pain radiating to the pelvic region. Inter-vertebral disc infections lead to fever, chills, weight loss, muscle spasm and severe back pain.
Diagnosis – It may take a while to diagnose spinal infections and blood tests, MRIs and CT scans are required to pinpoint the exact location of infection.
Treatment – Non-surgical treatment entails intensive use of IV antibiotics or anti-fungal therapy. Alternatively, surgery may be performed to clean up and improve spinal stability as well as limit neurological damage.
Treatment of spinal infections at the Sita Bhateja Specialty Hospital in Bangalore is one of your best options. The highly-experienced team of spine surgeons, orthopedists and neurologists here has been known to always deliver perfect results. Find out more about them here: https://www.sbshospital.com/Leave a reply