Laparoscopy is a low-risk, minimally invasive surgical procedure that is often used to diagnose disease conditions that can otherwise not be treated or diagnosed with non-invasive procedures. A laparoscopy can also be used for collecting biopsies from organs or can be used for explorative surgery where diagnosis and treatment take place at the same time.
The procedure involves inflating the concerned area carbon dioxide gas for better viewing of damaged or diseased organs. Small, 1-2cm incisions may be made to administer the gas through a cannula. Through another similar incision the surgeon also inserts a laparoscope which is a thin device with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at one end. This sends back high-definition images onto a screen which helps the surgeon view the diseased area. If needed, the surgeon will insert surgical instruments through another incision.
After the procedure is over, the surgeon will remove most of the gas and stitch up the small incisions. Most patients are allowed to go home the same day itself after a few hours of being kept under observation. Just like traditional open surgery, there are risks associated with laparoscopy too.
Some of the common risks include:
- Blood clots
- Bleeding, necessitating the need for blood transfusions
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Damage to internal organs or vessels
- Redness, swelling or drainage at incision site
- Pain that becomes intense with time
- Persistent cough and/or shortness of breath
- Fevers or chills
- Inability to urinate
These risks are common with traditional surgical methods too and don’t pose untreatable threats to the patient. While the process of recovery may take a few days to a weeks’ time, a few symptoms might be present during this stage too. Some of these symptoms include:
- Sore throat due to intubation during surgery
- Pain at the incision site
- Abdominal bloating
- Shoulder or back pain
The pain in the shoulder or back is usually due to the leftover carbon dioxide gas used which may irritate the diaphragm. Early movement after surgery ensures lower risk of these symptoms. Most people require a couple of days to resume normal routines; however, strenuous activity needs to be avoided for at least 2 weeks.
For those living in Bangalore, the Sita Bhateja Specialty Hospital has a highly dedicated team of experts specialized in laparoscopic surgeries. And with the backing of modern operating theatres featuring the latest technologies, the success rates of these surgeons is maximized and the risks minimized. Find out more about them here: http://www.sbshospital.com/Leave a reply