Common Gynecologic Problems and Preventions

Common Gynecologic Problems and PreventionsIn her lifetime, almost every woman faces some gynecological problem or the other. These gynecological problems can affect the female reproductive organs adversely, sometimes even resulting in infertility. Understanding these problems can guide women to become more proactive towards their prevention, thus minimizing adverse consequences.

Common gynecological diseases can affect reproductive health and result in conditions like Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), cancers, cysts and fibroids. Due to unprotected sex, women are also at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STD) like chlaymdia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, HPV, AIDS, trichomoniasis, etc. Stress, adverse lifestyles, improper feminine hygiene, aggressive sex and unsafe abortions, can all lead to commonly seen gynecologic problems such as the following:

Pelvic pain/disorders

– These can be caused by ovarian cysts, fibroids, endometrosis, PID, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancies, ovulation, cervical cancer or uterine cancer. Other causes could be bowel disorders, urethritis, urinary incontinence or prolapsed uterus.

Pain during intercourse

– Possible causes include fibroids, endometrosis, injured cervix, vaginismus, menopause, ectopic pregnancies, STDs or PID.


– This can be caused by neurological injury, yeast infections, vaginal cramps, hormonal changes, overuse of antibiotics, sexual abuse or genetic factors.


– Yeast infections, unhealthy sex and allergies can cause vaginitis.


– There are no known causes but risk factors include obesity, precocious puberty and sex at an early age.

Ovarian cysts

– Can be caused by immature ovarian follicles and excessive levels of HCG.


– It is caused by improper hygiene or having unprotected sex.


– Caused by unhealthy lifestyles.


– Improper feminine hygiene, aggressive sex or overuse of oral contraceptives can lead to cervicitis.

Ovarian inflammation

– Can be caused by inflammation after abortion or improper female hygiene.


– Sexually transmitted diseases can be contracted through sharing infected towels or undergarments and unprotected sex.

While the above-mentioned gynecological problems may seem overwhelming, they are all preventable. Some of these preventive measures include:

Safe sex

– Avoiding multiple partners, sex without the safety of a condom as well as aggressive intercourse can help in prevention of some gynecological problems.

Healthy lifestyles and diet

– Anxiety and stress can play havoc with the female hormones, therefore getting enough rest, exercise and adequate nutrition can help in preventing some common gynecological problems.

Feminine hygiene

– Practicing adequate feminine hygiene by regular bathing, keeping genital area dry, changing napkins every four hours, avoiding tight underwear and not sharing towels helps keep many gynecological diseases at bay.

Having regular gynecological check-ups is also important. For those living in Bangalore, the Sita Bhateja Specialty Hospital which has been taking care of women since 1965, offers a highly-experienced team of gynecologists who provide excellent counseling and gynecological and cancer screening facilities.

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