Procedure: Microsurgical Excision of Brain Tumour

INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY

Mr G was a young lad of just 19 when he came to us. He presented rapidly increasing headaches, blurring of vision and violent vomiting. This had been continuing for a whole week. When he was brought into the Emergency Room of SBSH he was weak, dehydrated and drowsy.

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DIAGNOSIS

A CT of Mr G’s brain showed a tumor in the left half of his cerebellum – the area of the brain that is responsible for co-ordination and smoothness of movement. The tumor was large in size and occupied critically important space in the lower rear portion of the skull. This resulted in an obstruction in the exit path of cerebrospinal fluid from the brain thereby increasing intracranial pressure dramatically.

TREATMENT

With critically high intracranial pressure, it was clear that Mr G would not survive for much longer without immediate treatment. Consequently he was instantly prepared for surgery and in the matter of just a few hours was wheeled into SBSH’s neuro operating suite.

Surgery took about 4 hours during which the tumour was micro-surgically excised completely.

OUTCOME

Fortunately for Mr G, the tumor was benign and the complete excision guarantees a complete cure from this potentially life threatening tumour. Four months later he returned for a review. His CT scan could easily pass off as almost normal. Today, he is in excellent health, has gone back to his studies and leads a normal life.

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Haemangioblastoma is a rare tumour that occurs in central nervous system. Most often it develops in cerebellum, called Cerebellar Haemangioblastoma. It is a slow growing tumor and can be completely removed with surgery.As these tumors develop slowly, for several cases, they are often undetected for a long time. And if the tumor is left untreated, the chances are it might rupture and result in bleeding in the brain which makes the condition serious and difficult to treat. In most cases, patients also have hydrocephalus caused by the obstruction to the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid.At SBSH we have a very god track record of dealing with such tumors and removing them completely with microsurgical techniques with very low morbidity. Moreover we have avoided placement of shunts in almost all patients.

For more details, consult with a neurosurgeon at Sita Bhateja Specialty Hospital, Bangalore – https://www.sbshospital.com/get-in-touch/