Cervicocranial Syndrome

June 15, 2019

Cervicocranial syndrome is also known as Barre-Lieous syndrome and refers to a complex combination of neurological symptoms. These symptoms usually include chronic headache, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), neck pain, facial pain, sinus pain, ear pain and pain at the carotid artery region. Other symptoms include dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, allergies, dizziness and vertigo.

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Is Spine Surgery Safe?

June 1, 2019

Back problems related to the spine are one of the most common ailments seen by general physicians. Most of these back problems however can be treated successfully without resorting to surgical intervention. Non-invasive treatments like physiotherapy, heat and anti-inflammatory medications are usually effective in treating minor issues. Your doctor will only recommend back surgery if

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Spinal Meningitis Symptoms

May 15, 2019

Meningitis refers to the inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Most cases of meningitis are infectious in nature and can be caused by virus, bacteria, parasites or fungi. In rare cases is meningitis due to other non-infectious causes; these could be relatable to drug allergies, chemical reactions or even some forms

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Exercises for Spinal Stenosis

May 1, 2019

Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of space within the spinal canal and the foramen region, resulting in choking of the spinal cord, peripheral nerves and nerve roots. Spinal stenosis is caused by gradual degeneration of the spine with age. Chronic day to day wear and tear of the spine resulting from osteoarthritis of the

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Lumbar Spine Surgery

April 15, 2019

Lumbar spine surgery is only done when conservative methods have failed to bring about improvement in pain and disability. Surgery is done to relieve/reduce pain and to restore stability to the spine. This can be achieved either through decompression of a pinched nerve root by removing compressing tissue or by mechanical stabilization of the lower

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Breast Cancer Metastasis to the Spine

April 1, 2019

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts and can present as a lump in the breast region, a change in shape or texture of the breast, inverted nipple or as an abnormal discharge from the breast. There are more than one million new cases of breast cancer

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Cancer Lesions on the Spine

March 15, 2019

Cancer refers to uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in any part of the body. When found on the spine, they are known as spine cancers and can be located either in the spinal canal or on the vertebrae of the spine and known as extradural spine cancers. About 90% of the spine cancer lesions are

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Degenerative Disc Disease

March 1, 2019

Degenerative disc disease is a common condition affecting more than 10 million Indians every year. It deals with the cushioning discs that exist between each vertebral bone of the spine. In a normal person, these discs act like shock-absorbers and help in keeping your spine flexible, giving you the ability twist and turn effortlessly. However,

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Spinal Cord Injury

February 15, 2019

The spinal cord consists of nerves and other tissues bound together and encased within the protective bones of the spine. These vertebral bones are stacked together in a column with shock-absorbing inter-vertebral discs in-between them. The spinal cord carries messages from the brain to the rest of the body via a bundle of nerves and

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Signs of Spinal Cancer

February 1, 2019

Cancers of the spine refer to a mass of aggressively growing abnormal cells in the spinal canal or the vertebral bones that make up the spine. Around 90% of spinal cancers metastasize or spread to the spine from lung or breast cancers in females and prostate cancers in males. Spinal cancers can be divided into

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Spinal Infections

January 23, 2019

Spine infections are rare and can either arise spontaneously or as a secondary incidence to some trauma to the spine or after an invasive procedure. If not treated properly and promptly, such infections can be very destructive and even lead to death. Infections of the spine can affect different parts of the spine, including the

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Cervical Disc Replacement

Cervical discs refer to the jelly-like cushions present between the cervical vertebra bones of the spine. These intervertebral discs are essential for absorption of shock. Injury, infection or the normal ageing process can lead to abnormalities in these discs. The disc can move out of its position and become herniated or with the passage of

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What does a Neurosurgeon do for Back Pain?

December 15, 2018

Most people are under the impression that neurosurgeons deal with brain-related issues. But in reality, neurosurgeons do more than just that. They get to deal with the entire body too as the field of neurology deals with the nervous system. This includes the brain, spinal cord as well as the network of nerves branched out

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Warning Signs and Symptoms of Brain Tumors

December 1, 2018

Most people feel repulsed by the very thought of the word brain tumor, but there is something called being prepared for all eventualities in life and there is no harm in learning a thing or two about brain tumors. Brain tumors are basically a mass of abnormal cells growing in the brain; these can be

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Types of Lower Back Surgeries

November 15, 2018

Lower back pain is an increasingly common health problem around the world and afflicts both the young and old. Long hours spent sitting at the desk, lack of sufficient exercise and unhealthy habits are some of the common causes of this problem. However surgery is only considered as an option for treatment when other non-operative

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Treatment of Spine Cancer

November 1, 2018

Spine cancers refer to abnormal cell growth on the vertebrae of the spine or within the spinal canal; they can be primary or secondary in nature. Primary spinal cancers develop within the spinal column while secondary spinal cancers are metastatic cancers that have spread from some other location such as the lungs, breast, colon, kidneys

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Thoracic Back Pain and Cancer

October 15, 2018

Thoracic back pain is a commonly felt condition that occurs in the spinal area starting from the base of the neck down to the bottom of the rib cage area, just at the base of the chest. The reason behind this ache or discomfort is usually of benign origin. However, in a few cases, the

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Symptoms of Spine Cancer

October 1, 2018

Cancer can occur in any part of the body, with the spine not being spared either. Spine cancers can be found in the vertebral bones or in the delicate spinal cord itself. They can be primary or secondary in nature, with primary cancers originating in the spine itself while secondary cancers refers to cancers that

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Risks of Spinal Decompression Surgery

September 15, 2018

Decompression surgeries are used to treat painful conditions of the legs and back, which fail to respond to other kinds of non-invasive treatments. To understand spinal decompression surgery, a little knowledge of the structure of the spine is necessary. The spine consists of 24 separate vertebral bones stacked one on top of each other with

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Recovery from Spinal Surgery

September 1, 2018

Undergoing spinal surgery is only half the story towards regaining normal function of your body. The rest of the journey towards health depends on your recovery process. You may have had surgeries that include: Discectomy – Surgery to partially or fully remove the disc Foraminotomy – Surgery to create space for nerve roots Laminectomy –

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Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

August 20, 2018

The vertebral column, also known as the spine or backbone consists of numerous vertebrae stacked one upon the other and separated by intervertebral discs that prevent friction upon movement. The spine not only provides support, but also houses the spinal cord through which nerves send messages to the brain. A number of conditions can arise

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What Causes Brain Cancer?

August 2, 2018

Brain cancer refers to a mass of abnormal looking cells that grow at a faster rate than is considered normal. There are primary brain cancers which originate at the source of location and there are the secondary brain cancers which have basically spread to the brain from some other part of the body. The causes

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Different Types of Brain Tumors - Sita Bhateja Specialty Hospitals

What are the Different Types of Brain Tumors?

July 27, 2018

  Your brain and spinal column make up the nervous system (CNS) which controls all the body’s vital functions including thought, speech and movement. Any abnormal growth within this system and it could affect some bodily function of yours. But first, a little bit about the brain – it’s divided into three parts. These include

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Causes Spinal Stenosis - Sita Bhateja Specialty Hospitals

What Causes Spinal Stenosis?

July 3, 2018

Your backbone or spine is made up of 33 vertebrae, out of which 24 have spaces between them (cervical, thoracic and lumbar) while the remaining are fused (sacral and coccygeal). A small space with a cushioning pad exists between each separate vertebral bone to keep them moving smoothly and to absorb shocks. Spinal stenosis refers

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Best Treatments for - Spinal Stenosis

What are the Best Treatments for Spinal Stenosis?

June 15, 2018

The location of the spinal stenosis as well as the level of symptoms produced, determine the type of treatment needed. While the general conception is that surgery is the only treatment option, there are numerous other things that can be tried out first. If your symptoms are mild to moderate, they can be managed with

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Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis

June 1, 2018

Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of spaces between the inter-vertebral discs resulting in pinching of the nerves between them with consequent pain and other complications. This loss of inter-vertebral space could be due to intrusion by bone spurs, hernias or thickening of supporting ligaments which all tend to reduce the space within the spinal

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Symptoms of Brain Tumor in Children

May 15, 2018

It’s indeed a sad day when you know that a young child is afflicted by brain tumor. These pediatric brain tumors are basically masses of abnormal cells that are growing within the brain and its associated structures. They can be primary in nature – that is, they are growing at their point of origination or

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Recovery from Brain Tumor

May 1, 2018

There is no single hard and fast rule as far as recovery from brain tumors is concerned. This is because there are over a hundred different types of brain tumors and the brain contains hundreds of complex structures and billions of nerve connections. Because of the intricacy of this delicate organ, doctors very carefully map

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Is my Headache due to a Brain Tumor?

April 15, 2018

In a normal scenario the body cells grow, die and become replaced by new ones. In cases of tumors however, the damaged cells do not die, but continue to live and multiply till they form a mass of abnormal cells. These masses not only interfere with bodily functions, they also create intra-cranial pressure within the

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Brain Tumors in Children

April 3, 2018

While brain tumors refer to a mass of abnormal cells in the brain, they may differ between adults and children. As the bodies and brains of children are still developing, their tumors are usually different from that seen in adults. The most common form of solid tumors in kids are unfortunately brain tumors and form

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Scoliosis in Children

March 15, 2018

This is an unfortunate condition that afflicts children and adolescents. It changes the curvature of the spine to go sideways instead of remaining a straight line. The most common cause of scoliosis is idiopathic (about 80%)…which basically means that the exact cause is unknown. There are three main types – including infantile scoliosis which occurs between

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Physiotherapy after Spinal Surgery

March 1, 2018

Spinal surgery is a major event and the physiotherapy and rehabilitation that follows afterwards is equally important. A surgery isn’t fully beneficial unless it’s accompanied by recovery from the back surgery and getting the body back into peak physical form. The role of physiotherapy cannot be over-emphasized in the recovery from spinal surgery. Here are

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Lower Backache and Kidney Problems

February 15, 2018

One thing is for sure, and it’s that kidney pain and back pain are very difficult to distinguish without professional help. Kidney problems usually manifest as a dull deep tissue pain in the flanks, just under the ribs. These kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located along the back muscles of the upper abdominal

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What to Expect after Knee Replacement Surgery

February 1, 2018

A total knee replacement (TKR) surgery falls under the category of major surgeries and recovery and rehabilitation from this procedure takes some time before you can get back on your feet unaided. After all, knees are part of your weight-bearing joints and take a lot of stress on a daily basis, especially when the ends

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How to Prepare for Shoulder Arthroscopy Surgery ?

January 15, 2018

The shoulder joints are used a lot on a daily basis, sometimes for very stressful activities, making them prone to injury and becoming arthritic. After a while, traditional treatments no longer work, making the joints ineffective and painful to manipulate. In such cases, surgery becomes the only option available to regain strength, movement and freedom

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How Successful is Arthroscopic Knee Surgery?

January 1, 2018

Knee arthroscopy refers to a minimal access type of surgery which can be used to diagnose and treat issues within the knee joint. The procedure includes making a small incision into the knee to insert a tiny camera known as an arthroscope to view the insides of the joint. The arthroscope sends back HD images

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Treatment Options Available for Dementia

December 15, 2017

It’s wrong to refer to dementia as a disease or think it’s a part of the ageing process or senility. Rather, it’s a group of symptoms that affect memory, reasoning, ability to focus and communicate, social abilities as well as visual perceptions of events. It’s a mental disability that is sometimes severe enough to interfere

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How are Spinal Infections Diagnosed?

December 5, 2017

The spine is a very sensitive area and spinal infections usually don’t get timely diagnosis as they are initially put off as pain management issues. Infections can be secondary to invasive medical procedures or occur spontaneously as bacterial, fungal or viral infections. They are classified according to the locations they affect. Osteomyelitis, when they affect

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Treatment Options for Brain Aneurysms

November 15, 2017

Brain aneurysms refer to weakness in the walls of blood vessels supplying blood to the brain, leading it to balloon out – and in some cases rupture, creating potentially morbid situations. Brain aneurysms usually create no symptoms up to the point when they rupture and leak blood into the skull resulting in stroke or subarachnoid

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Taking Care of Alzheimer’s Patients

November 1, 2017

Sadly, ageing is associated with numerous diseases that further add to the grief of increasing infirmity. Alzheimer’s is one such devastating and debilitating condition that results from progressive deterioration of the mental faculties and can set in anytime from middle age onwards. It is the commonest form of senility that produces symptoms of memory loss

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Treatment Options for Multiple Sclerosis

October 15, 2017

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease where the body’s own immune system eats away at the insulating myelin sheath covering its’ nerve cells. This debilitating disease leads to a slow deterioration of the nerve cells leading to their eventual death. The damage to the cells results in inability of the nerves to communicate with the

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Symptoms of neurological disorders in children

October 1, 2017

Neurological disorders are anomalies of the nervous system comprising the brain, spine and the nerves connected to them. The nervous system comprises of a collection of specialized cells known as neurons and nerves that transmit signals between different parts of the brain. Any changes in the structural, biochemical or electrical connections in this system can

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Recovery Period for Herniated Disc Surgery

September 15, 2017

A disc refers to the spongy layer that exists between each vertebral bone of the spine to keep them gliding smoothly and cushion the bones from shock. Due to certain traumatic situations, this spongy disc sometimes slips out partially from cracks within the hard exterior wall that encloses them and gets herniated, creating excruciating pain.

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Pregnancy and Neurological Disorders

September 1, 2017

Pregnancy is a unique time in a woman’s life that is accompanied with numerous changes including hormonal and physiologic parameters. Sometimes these changes can become a challenge to underlying pre-existing disease conditions which could even have a negative effect on the pregnancy, labor or delivery. In some cases pregnancy can have an adverse effect on

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Is it a Benign Brain Tumor?

August 14, 2017

The very thought of a tumor diagnosis is enough to send a giant-sized chill down the spine. However when your doctor tells you it’s benign, there is a somewhat mixed feeling of relief as benign tumors are noncancerous growths that do not spread or metastasize to other parts of the body. And the best part

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Does a Herniated Disc require Surgery?

August 1, 2017

If the term herniated disc upsets you, try calling it ruptured disc, protruding disc or even slipped disc if that makes you more comfortable….as they are all one and the same. This condition refers to problems with the cushioning rubber disc found in-between the spinal bones and can be extremely painful and debilitating. The condition

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Common Signs and Symptoms of Neurological Disorders

July 15, 2017

Neurological disorders are diseases of the nervous system which include the brain, spine and the nerves connecting them. It’s been estimated that there are about 600 different types of neurological disorders that affect the nervous system including various types of brain tumors, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s, Epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, strokes and migraines. According the World Health

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Are Arachnoid Cysts Life-Threatening?

July 4, 2017

Arachnoid cysts are benign fluid-filled sacs that form between the arachnoid membrane and the central nervous system. All together there are three protective membranes that surround the spinal cord and the brain that form the central nervous system. The fluid inside the cyst is cerebrospinal fluid and the presence of these cysts can create life-threatening

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Is Constant Headache a Neurological Symptom?

June 15, 2017

A headache is a pain or discomfort felt in the head, face, scalp or back of the neck. The pain can also vary greatly in its intensity, location and frequency. As a result of this, headaches have been categorized into four major forms which include vascular headaches, muscle contraction or tension headaches, traction headaches and

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Carotid Artery Disease

June 1, 2017

Your brain is supplied with oxygen-rich blood from two large carotid arteries located on both sides of the neck. These arteries further subdivide into smaller external and internal carotid arteries; the internal arteries supply the brain while the external carotid arteries supply the scalp, face and neck. In the case of carotid artery disease, also

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The Plight of Children with Epilepsy

May 20, 2017

Epilepsy has no favorites when it comes to age groups. And when it affects children, it becomes a sad affair as it disrupts normal childhood in an estimated 10.5 million children worldwide. The good news is that about 70% of children with epilepsy eventually outgrow it with remission being more likely if there are no

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Venous Angioma – A brief Look

May 8, 2017

Cerebral venous angioma is also known as developmental venous anomaly (DVA) and is technically a congenital malformation of veins that drain through the brain. What this means simply is that the person is born with this type of malformation. After the advent of cross-sectional imagining techniques like the MRI and CT, it has been found

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Trigeminal Neuralgia – The Facial Pain

April 15, 2017

The pain caused by the irritation of the trigeminal nerve is perhaps the worst kind of pain that can be experienced by a human. It typically affects the lower face and jaw and presents as an intense bout of stabbing, electric-shock like pain; in some cases, the pain may also affect the nose and forehead

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Pituitary Apoplexy

April 1, 2017

Pituitary apoplexy or pituitary tumor apoplexy is a rare and potentially fatal condition in which a pituitary tumor (usually one larger than 10 mm) spontaneously hemorrhages or bleeds. This is an acute condition that requires urgent medical diagnosis and treatment. The term also refers to a rare condition where the pituitary tumor outgrows its blood

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Features of Hemifacial Spasm

March 15, 2017

Our face is the window we present to the world and when something goes wrong with the face, it leads to a whole lot of mental agony and embarrassment. Spasms usually refer to a sudden involuntary contraction of a muscle or a bunch of muscles, but when we talk about hemifacial spasm, we are talking

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Acoustic Neuroma and Hearing Changes

March 1, 2017

Acoustic neuromas affect about 10 out of every one million people with more women than men being affected. An acoustic neuroma is a slow growing, non cancerous tumor that that arises from the nerves involved in balance and hearing. It is more appropriately known  as vestibular schwannoma and grows from the Schwann cells forming the

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Spina Bifida

February 20, 2017

Spina Bifida is a type of birth defect where there is an incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the neural tube of the fetus. The neural tube is what eventually develops into the brain and spinal cord. In most cases, the neural tube closes by the 28th day after conception, but in babies

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

February 10, 2017

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful disorder of the wrist that occurs when the median nerve travelling through the narrow passageway called the carpal tunnel, comes under pressure. Nerve entrapment occurs when the tunnel, a passageway made up of bones and ligament, becomes narrowed and inflamed, thereby compressing the median nerve. The median nerve is

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A Herniated Disc or Something More?

February 1, 2017

Healthcare professionals use many terms to refer to spinal disc pathology including ‘herniated disc’, ‘pinched disc’, ‘bulging disc’, ‘slipped disc’, ‘collapsed disc’, ‘black disc’ or even ‘ruptured disc’. Some of these terms sound really dangerous to the layman, but instead of focusing on the terminology, it’s more useful to understand what exactly a herniated disc

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Slipped/Prolapsed Disc

January 17, 2017

The human spine is made up small bones called the vertebrae with a strong rubber-like padding in-between each bone called the disc. These intervertebral discs are protective shock-absorbing pads in between the spinal bones and help the spine remain flexible. These discs are made up of strong fibrous material on the outside with a softer

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Vestibular Schwannoma

January 3, 2017

This is a type of benign tumor that’s also known as acoustic neuroma or Angle tumor; it’s a non- cancerous tumor that affects the eighth cranial nerve running from the inner ear to the brain. Healthy nerves are covered by a sheath of Schwann cells, which help in providing insulation and support to the nerve

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Pituitary Tumors

August 22, 2016

The Pituitary Gland The pituitary gland is a tiny, pea sized endocrine gland located at the base of the human brain. It is veritably called the “master gland” given its critical role in the normal functioning of the human body. The efficiency of other glands and organs in the human body, like the thyroid gland,

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Seizures: Types, Causes, and Symptoms

May 13, 2016

Seizures are changes in the electrical activity of the brain. There could be visible symptoms of the seizure or it could go on without any visual signs of it. A serious seizure is easily recognized, as it involves shaking and loss of body control and loss of consciousness. Types of Seizures Seizures that arise in

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Spinal Stenosis

March 16, 2016

In the medical context, the term stenosis means the narrowing of a vessel or a tubular organ and hence, spinal stenosis stands for the narrowing of the channels of the spinal cord and its associated nerves. The condition can be congenital, but isn’t very common as its degenerative kind. The signs A lot of people

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Sciatica refers to the pain associated with the Sciatic nerve, which is a large nerve that extends down the lower back of each leg. The pain may be experienced down the back, outside or even the front part of the leg and usually, the symptoms are felt only on one leg or on one side

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