A concussion is an injury to the brain that results in temporary loss of normal brain function typically caused by some form of impact to the head. There may or may not be signs of the trauma (by way of bruising or cuts). In fact, a lot of people believe that concussions result in loss of consciousness but that isn’t the case since most people who are suffering from it are conscious.

A concussion is defined as ‘a clinical syndrome characterised by immediate and transient alteration in brain function, including an alteration of mental status and level of consciousness, resulting from mechanical force or trauma.’

Often people don’t remember the events which occurred immediately prior to and following the trauma. They tend to be confused and this is because concussions impact memory, reflexes, balance, muscle co-ordination, speech and even judgement. Trained professionals who believe a person is suffering from a concussion will ask him or her which year it is or make them try to count backwards. This helps them easily identify whether there is a problem with brain function.

Even mild concussions can be fairly serious and should not be ignored. While some injuries may be more or less serious than others, there really is no such thing as a ‘mild concussion.’ The first concussion a person suffers doesn’t usually cause permanent damage but should a second come shortly after the first, it can devastating, potentially debilitating effects.

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A Case Study

Click here to read about a case study on a patient’s recovery from a bullet injury in the brain.