The Plight of Children with Epilepsy


May 20, 2017

Epilepsy has no favorites when it comes to age groups. And when it affects children, it becomes a sad affair as it disrupts normal childhood in an estimated 10.5 million children worldwide. The good news is that about 70% of children with epilepsy eventually outgrow it with remission being more likely if there are no

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Venous Angioma – A brief Look


May 8, 2017

Cerebral venous angioma is also known as developmental venous anomaly (DVA) and is technically a congenital malformation of veins that drain through the brain. What this means simply is that the person is born with this type of malformation. After the advent of cross-sectional imagining techniques like the MRI and CT, it has been found

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Trigeminal Neuralgia – The Facial Pain


April 15, 2017

The pain caused by the irritation of the trigeminal nerve is perhaps the worst kind of pain that can be experienced by a human. It typically affects the lower face and jaw and presents as an intense bout of stabbing, electric-shock like pain; in some cases, the pain may also affect the nose and forehead

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Pituitary Apoplexy


April 1, 2017

Pituitary apoplexy or pituitary tumor apoplexy is a rare and potentially fatal condition in which a pituitary tumor (usually one larger than 10 mm) spontaneously hemorrhages or bleeds. This is an acute condition that requires urgent medical diagnosis and treatment. The term also refers to a rare condition where the pituitary tumor outgrows its blood

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Features of Hemifacial Spasm


March 15, 2017

Our face is the window we present to the world and when something goes wrong with the face, it leads to a whole lot of mental agony and embarrassment. Spasms usually refer to a sudden involuntary contraction of a muscle or a bunch of muscles, but when we talk about hemifacial spasm, we are talking

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Acoustic Neuroma and Hearing Changes


March 1, 2017

Acoustic neuromas affect about 10 out of every one million people with more women than men being affected. An acoustic neuroma is a slow growing, non cancerous tumor that that arises from the nerves involved in balance and hearing. It is more appropriately known  as vestibular schwannoma and grows from the Schwann cells forming the

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Spina Bifida


February 20, 2017

Spina Bifida is a type of birth defect where there is an incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the neural tube of the fetus. The neural tube is what eventually develops into the brain and spinal cord. In most cases, the neural tube closes by the 28th day after conception, but in babies

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome


February 10, 2017

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful disorder of the wrist that occurs when the median nerve travelling through the narrow passageway called the carpal tunnel, comes under pressure. Nerve entrapment occurs when the tunnel, a passageway made up of bones and ligament, becomes narrowed and inflamed, thereby compressing the median nerve. The median nerve is

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A Herniated Disc or Something More?


February 1, 2017

Healthcare professionals use many terms to refer to spinal disc pathology including ‘herniated disc’, ‘pinched disc’, ‘bulging disc’, ‘slipped disc’, ‘collapsed disc’, ‘black disc’ or even ‘ruptured disc’. Some of these terms sound really dangerous to the layman, but instead of focusing on the terminology, it’s more useful to understand what exactly a herniated disc

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Slipped/Prolapsed Disc


January 17, 2017

The human spine is made up small bones called the vertebrae with a strong rubber-like padding in-between each bone called the disc. These intervertebral discs are protective shock-absorbing pads in between the spinal bones and help the spine remain flexible. These discs are made up of strong fibrous material on the outside with a softer

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Vestibular Schwannoma


January 3, 2017

This is a type of benign tumor that’s also known as acoustic neuroma or Angle tumor; it’s a non- cancerous tumor that affects the eighth cranial nerve running from the inner ear to the brain. Healthy nerves are covered by a sheath of Schwann cells, which help in providing insulation and support to the nerve

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Pituitary Tumors


August 22, 2016

The Pituitary Gland The pituitary gland is a tiny, pea sized endocrine gland located at the base of the human brain. It is veritably called the “master gland” given its critical role in the normal functioning of the human body. The efficiency of other glands and organs in the human body, like the thyroid gland,

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Seizures: Types, Causes, and Symptoms


May 13, 2016

Seizures are changes in the electrical activity of the brain. There could be visible symptoms of the seizure or it could go on without any visual signs of it. A serious seizure is easily recognized, as it involves shaking and loss of body control and loss of consciousness. Types of Seizures Seizures that arise in

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Spinal Stenosis


March 16, 2016

In the medical context, the term stenosis means the narrowing of a vessel or a tubular organ and hence, spinal stenosis stands for the narrowing of the channels of the spinal cord and its associated nerves. The condition can be congenital, but isn’t very common as its degenerative kind. The signs A lot of people

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Sciatica


Sciatica refers to the pain associated with the Sciatic nerve, which is a large nerve that extends down the lower back of each leg. The pain may be experienced down the back, outside or even the front part of the leg and usually, the symptoms are felt only on one leg or on one side

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